STDs

You will get a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE through sexual contact (vaginal, anal or oral) with someone who has an STD.

Many STDs do not show symptoms for a long time.

STDs can still be harmful and passed on during sexual contact even if you are not symptomatic.

Anyone who is sexually active can get an STD.

20 million new cases of STDs occur each year in the US.

Half of new STDs are contracted by 15 to 24 year olds.

In the 1950’s there were five STDs. Now there are close to 30.

How can I protect myself against STDs?

  • Have sex with only one uninfected person for an entire lifetime.
  • Do not have sex.

If you choose to have multiple sex partners:

  • Talk to your doctor;
  • Get tested regularly;
  • Use a condom correctly every time, but be aware that they are limited in effective against disease;
  • Talk to your partner about STDs;
  • Avoid alcohol and illegal drugs.

How do I know if I have an STD?

In many cases, an STD causes symptoms you may not even notice. The only way to be sure is to get tested.

Signs and symptoms that might indicate an STD

–    sores or bumps on genital areas, oral areas or around the anus
–    painful urination
–    discharge from penis
–    unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding
–    pain during sexual activity
–    sore, swollen lymph nodes – especially in the groin
–    lower abdominal pain
–    fever
–    rash on trunk, hands or feet

What causes STDs?

•    Bacteria cause Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Chlamydia
Treated with antibiotics
•    Parasites cause Trichomoniasis, Pubic Lice
Treated with antibiotics
•    Viruses cause Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Genital Herpes, HIV/AIDS
No cure, but antivirals given for symptom relief

What increases my risk of getting an STD?

•    Unprotected sex
•    Multiple partners
•    Prior STDs
•    Abusing alcohol or recreational drugs
•     IV drug use

What could happen if I do not get an STD treated?

•    Infertility
•    Pregnancy complications
•    Pelvic inflammatory disease
•    Heart disease
•    Cervical and rectal cancer

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Chlamydia*
Causes a yellowish discharge, burning during urination, bleeding between periods, swollen or tender testicles. Often there are no symptoms.

Gonorrhea*
Also known as “the clap”.  It causes a yellowish discharge, burning during urination, and stomach pain. Often there are no symptoms.

Bacterial Vaginosis*
Too many of a particular type of bacteria in the vagina and this causes a change in the natural balance of the structure. Bacterial vaginosis is not considered an STD, but having vaginosis puts women at an increased risk of getting an STD.

Genital Herpes
This virus causes a recurring skin condition that can cause irritation and blister like sores in the genital area or mouth. Is treatable, but never goes away.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Affects the skin around the genital area, as well as a woman’s vagina or cervix and causes wart-like growths. HPV is treatable, but will never go away.

Pubic Lice (Crabs)
Tiny insects that live on or in body hair and cause severe itching and small red bumps

Trichomoniasis*
Caused by a parasite in the woman’s vagina or the man’s urethra. It causes itching, burning, irritation, redness, discharge, foul odor, frequent or painful urination and discomfort during sexual activity, and stomach pain.

Syphilis
Bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body. The first stage is a painless sore. The second stage is a rash, fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, and muscle aches. The final stage involves damage to the internal organs – including the central nervous system.

Hepatitis A, B, and C
Infections of the liver caused by a virus. Hepatitis B can be a long term illness resulting in liver failure and cancer. Hepatitis C is the most common long term blood borne virus in the U.S. It can lead to liver decay and cancer.

HIV/AIDS
Virus that destroys the body’s ability to fight off infection. The disease results in weight loss, fatigue, night sweats/fever, dry cough, diarrhea, swollen lymph glands, memory loss/confusion and depression. Sometimes there are no symptoms. There is no cure, but many beneficial treatments are available.

Options provides STD testing and counseling at no charge for:
Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis, and Bacterial Vaginosis.

Text or Call 978-219-4441

For more information on STDs, we encourage you to visit the following websites:
http://www.cdc.gov/std/
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/home/ovc-20180594
http://thedailyrisk.com/documents/ATeensGuideToSTDs(1).pdf
http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/dphs/bchs/std/stdprevention.htm

References:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC. (2015). Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Mayo Clinic. (2015). Patient Care + Health Information: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Text or Call 978-219-4441 to schedule an appointment for testing at no charge.

or Call 603-749-4441

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